Location: Japan's neighbors include the Republic of Korea, China, and Russia.
National flag: Known as the Hinomaru, the flag depicts the sun as a red ball against a white background.
National anthem: "Kimigayo"
Population: 127,427,000 (as of March 2010)
Land area: 377,944 square kilometers
Unit of currency: yen
Main religions: Shinto, Buddhism, and Christianity
Capital: Tokyo (population 13,043,441 as of July 2010); land area 2,187.58 square kilometers)